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Housing and communal services - services brought to the consumer's living in housing, to provide comfortable living conditions.January 31. 2015
Table Of Contents
2 Provision of services
5 Incident Handling
8 See. Also
In accordance with Art. 15 of the Housing Code of the Russian Federation, the dwelling recognized an isolated room, which is the real estate and is suitable for permanent residence of citizens (meets the sanitary and technical rules and regulations, other legal requirements). Accordingly accommodations are divided by type:
1. Residential house, part of a house.
2. The apartment, part of the apartment.
Considering the whole set of premises, we can say that they are providing housing, in other words, it is the totality of all dwellings in the territory of the Russian Federation. Depending on the form of ownership housing is divided into:
1. The private housing stock.
2. State Housing Fund.
3. The municipal housing stock.
It should be noted that in the living room includes room auxiliary use, designed to meet the citizens of the household and other needs associated with living in a residential area, except for balconies, verandas and terraces. Distinguish in this case, technical floors, basement, basement, and others. In addition, it may be even plot - a plot of land adjacent to the apartment building with direct access to it.
provision of services
Considering the above, we can conclude that the housing services - services rendered by the company (contractor) to maintain and restore the proper technical and sanitary conditions of buildings, structures, equipment, communications facilities and Columbia Utilities. In apartment buildings housing services provided by homeowners (housing co-operatives) or management companies under the direct control of the variant by the HCS residents . It should be noted that under the objects of housing and public utilities should be understood objects of the external land improvement of cities and towns in the form of green spaces, urban roads and elements of their accomplishment, hiking and biking trails, facilities engineering protection, street lighting, objects, sanitary cleaning, and also furnished grounds, parking areas, units and design featured on the local area.
In the process of maintaining and restoring the proper technical and sanitary conditions of buildings, structures, equipment, communications facilities and public utilities actually perpetrator was their operation. Currently distinguish the winter (autumn-winter) and summer (spring-summer) periods of operation. According to the period of operation of the operating organization and carry out maintenance work in the examination of the buildings and their operational control in the area of building components and structures.
In accordance with the period of operation of the organization in charge of the buildings and structures, and troubleshoot damaged elements of buildings and structures. These are the elements that can not comply with the relevant operational requirements. In turn, the operational performance of the building - a combination of technical, space planning, sanitation, economic and aesthetic characteristics of the building, causing its performance.
Further, the company, which is engaged in the operation of buildings shall be obliged to take into account the physical wear and tear, which is determined in accordance with GOST R 51929 - 2002 and is included in an index, which characterizes the change in the technical condition of the building compared to the original state as a result of the impact of climatic factors of human life. At the same time, in some cases, can be taken into account and the obsolescence of the building, which characterizes the degree of mismatch basic parameters that determine the living conditions, the volume and quality of services provided to modern requirements.
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